Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Organizational Behaviour for Psychological - myassignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about theOrganizational Behaviour for Nature orPsychological. Answer: Leadership is the ability of someone to lead an organization or a group of people. Trait theory of leadership deals with substantial, social, nature or psychological to compare between directors and non-leaders (Dinh, Lord, Gardner Meuser, 2014.). A behavioral theory of leadership explains that some specific behaviors are used to differentiate leaders and non-leaders (Coleman, 2003). This theory tries to explain that traits and behaviors a leader has been developed and taught and also leaders can be trained. Trait theory assumes that leadership qualities are born with, unlike behavior theory which assumes that these characters are formed and educated. Trait theory selects leaders while behavior theory develops leaders. The behavior theory focuses most on actions of leaders while the trait theory focuses on mental qualities of the leader. A workplace is the only place to create new and develop exceptional leaders who can meet the challenges involved in that place of work. Companies mostly view their managers at all stages to provide some degree of a leadership role. A good example organizations use is, effective communication. A leader with excellent communication skills can listen as instructed. Good leaders should be understanding, deciphering and also able to relate the company's vision back to their workers to maintain productivity. Week 11 activity (Organizational change) Innovation is extensively regarded as the most important ingredient in the economy of today. Sustaining innovations have improved almost all existing products. It not only creates value market or new value market but also develops the existing ones with superior value. Sustaining innovations lowers cost, improves incremental changes and also improves performance. A good example of sustaining innovation is when Apple introduced its multiple consumer desktop models. Also, Toyota Prius model car which keeps getting slightly with every iteration. Disruptive innovations assist in developing a new market and value structure. It is more of a useful concept because fewer technologies are substantially disruptive (Hwang Christensen., 2008). A good example of disruptive innovation is when Apple company introduced the iPod technology. This made the downloading of digital music an easy task compared to before. Also, Amazon disarrayed the old bookstores when it was introduced. This allowed people to order and buy books online with delivery on your doorstep. From the examples illustrated above it shows that disruptive innovations have significantly assisted in modern day to day activities. Week 12 activity (Cultures) Organizational behavior is how people communicate within a group or an organization. It helps develop a career as the leader within an organization (Hersey Blanchard, 1993). They include conflict management, human resource management practices, leadership styles and group behaviors. These organizational behaviors are culturally relative. The leadership style of a leader in an organization significantly affects his/her relationship with the employees in that organization. A good leader will listen and try to help to solve his/her employees' problems. How a leader manages conflict among his/her workers' is a major factor. A good leader should first listen to both parties involved in the conflict before coming up with the judgment. The judgment should be free and not favor any party. Motivating the workers, significantly improves the interaction of employees with their employer. A leader can motivate an employee by assisting him/her grow a particular talent. The employer should be able to notice an employee's talent at an early stage. After maybe a successful project or when a client is satisfied with the work done, the employer should organize an outdoor activity to make the employees feel motivated and eager to work more on a new project. Week 5 activity (Perception) Recently I watched a movie by the name Hitman's Bodyguard.' This is an action-packed and a hilarious film directed by Patrick Hughes. It is about a bodyguard who gets a new client, a hit man, who must fight against a corrupt leader at the ICC against an evil, corrupt leader. My friend, Jeremy, too watched the movie but he gave it a low rate compared to mine. Comparing Jeremy's age to mine, who is older than me, I think he gave the movie a low rate because the actors used a lot abusive language. He suggested that the film could not be watched by children under the age of 18 years. The movie is a bit educative actually because it tries to explain that no one is above the law and that's why one of the characters is testifying against a top government official thus allowing me to give it a higher rate than Jeremy's. The movie had a lot of action which is my greatest interest in the movie. The characters have to fight enemies who are trying to stop them from testifying in the court. From these above factors, I highly rated the movie compared to Jeremy. Week 6 activity (Motivation) Over 2,300 companies took part in the annual leading work places in Europe. From data collected from the many employees in the organization, a list of the leading work places was made. From data collected, it is seen that most teams that took part, they had better high-trust workplace and also used talent retention to motivate employees (Cogner Benjamin,1999). The teams are trying to grow the employees' talent and, this has motivated the workers in those organizations. A conducive environment to work in was among the factors used to help with the ranking. A quiet and peaceful significantly affected the workers. Most workers claimed that they were able to work on their maximum when the workplace was quiet and away from home where there were always getting affected by family problems. Good communication between the employers and employees was a major factor considered. If the manager was in good terms with his/her employees, then this motivated the employees to work to their fullest. If the manager had better interpersonal skills, he would be able to understand and help solve their employees' problems. If organizations had these characters, the workers became motivated and were encouraged to work and also be productive. References Johnson, B., Eagly, A., 1990. Psychological Bulletin, [Online] (Updated 4 Feb 2013) https://www.psycnet.apa.org (Accessed 22 Sep 2017) Dinh, J., Lord, R., Gardner, W., Meuser, J., 2014. Leadership theory and research in the new millennium: Current theoretical trends and changing perspectives. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(1), 36-62 Coleman, M., 2003. Theories of leadership. Leadership and strategic management in South African schools, pp. 155-172 Hwang, J., Christensen, C. M., 2008. Disruptive Innovation in health care delivery: a framework for business-model innovation. Health Affairs, 27(5), pp. 1329-1335 Hersey, P. Blanchard, K.H., 1993. Management of organizational behaviour: Utilizing human resources. Prentice-Hall, Inc. Rifkin, J., 1996. End of work, pp. 141-157, Pacifica Radio Archives Cogner, J.A. Benjamin, B., 1999. Building leaders: How successful companies develop the next generation. Grant, R.M., 1991. The resource-based theory of competitive advantage: implications for strategy formulation. California management review, 33(3), pp. 114-135

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